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Jesus Traditions

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Contents of Jesus Traditions

A Manual of Discipleship

For Christians in Antioch

Matthew 5–7


[Links connect to detailed discussion of texts]


The ascent of the mount, to instruct his disciples (5:1-2)
A portrait of the disciple: moral and religious traits (“Beatitudes,” 5:3-12)


  I. The disciple in relation to the world (5:13-16)


 II. The relation between Judaism and Christianity, the old and the new (5:17–6:18)

 A.     The Old Law and the New Teaching (5:17-48): six contrasts

[The Old Law as still binding for disciples: 5:17-20]

The prohibition of murder    . . .  of anger and hate (5:21-26)

The prohibition of adultery    . . . of lustful thoughts (5:27-30)

Marriage as exploitation    . . . as equal respect of persons (5:31-32)

Oaths as assurance of truth telling ↔  Integrity, as assurance (5:33-37)

Equal retaliation as the way of resolving disputes ↔ Creative use of suffering (5:38-42)

Hating one’s enemy    Loving one’s enemy (5:43-47)

Admonition to perfection (5:48)


 B.     The Old Piety and the New (6:1-18)

Almsgiving (6:2-4)

Prayer (6:5-15)

Fasting (6:6-18)


III. The Christian and Possessions (6:19-34)

Earthly and heavenly treasure (6:19-21)

Singleness (soundness) of vision (6:22-23)

The choice between serving God or possessions (6:24)

Anxiety about property (6:25-34)


 IV. Other moral and religious teachings (chapter 7)

 A.     The avoidance of judging people uncharitably (7:1-5)

 B.     The folly of giving dogs what is holy or throwing pearls to pigs (7:6)

 C.     Confidence in prayer (7:7-11)

 D.     Concern for others: the so-called Golden Rule (7:12)

 E.      The easy way out or the narrow way in (7:13-14)

 F.      Evaluating the Christian life (7:15-27)

A tree is known by its fruit (7:15-20)

A Christian is known by the person’s deeds, not words (7:21-23)

A Christian is known by performance in adversity (7:24-27)


The amazement of the crowd at his teaching, and descent of the mount (7:28–8:1)


Contents of Jesus Traditions


Revised July 23, 2003



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New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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